Reference Type: Electronic Resource
Title: Determining the Cost of Producing Ethanol from Corn Starch and Lignocellulosic Feedstocks
Primary Authors: Anonymous
Abstract: The mature corn-to-ethanol industry has many similarities to the emerging lignocelluloseto- ethanol industry. It is certainly possible that some of the early practitioners of this new technology will be the current corn ethanol producers. In order to begin to explore synergies between the two industries, a joint project between two agencies responsible for aiding these technologies in the Federal government was established. This joint project of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.s Agricultural Research Service (USDAARS) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) looked at the two processes on a similar process design and engineering basis, and will eventually explore ways to combine them. This report describes the comparison of the processes, each producing 25 million annual gallons of fuel ethanol. This paper attempts to compare the two processes as mature technologies, which requires assuming that the technology improvements needed to make the lignocellulosic process commercializable are achieved, and enough plants have been built to make the design well-understood. Assumptions about yield are based on the assumed successful demonstration of the integration of technologies we feel exist for the lignocellulose process. In order to compare the lignocellulose-to-ethanol process costs with the commercial corn-to-ethanol costs, it was assumed that the lignocellulose plant was an Nth generation plant, assuming no first-of-a-kind costs. This places the lignocellulose plant costs on a similar level with the current, established corn ethanol industry, whose costs are well known. The resulting costs of producing 25 million annual gallons of fuel ethanol from each process were determined. The figure below shows the production cost breakdown for each process. The largest cost contributor in the corn starch process is the feedstock; for the lignocellulosic process it is the depreciation of capital cost, which is represented by depreciation cost on an annual basis.
Ag Matters Catalog ID: 78